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Workshop on MILD combustion

24 January 2019 - 25 January 2019

Workshop on MILD combustion:

modelling challenges, experimental configurations and diagnostic tool

MILD/flameless/colorless/distributed/… combustion regimes ensure very high combustion efficiencies with reduced soot, NOx and noise emissions, compared to conventional combustion regimes, due to the reduced temperature peaks and macro-scale homogeneity.

MILD combustion has been implemented in some furnace-based applications; however, its application in power generation and manufacturing processes is hindered by the limited understanding of turbulence/chemistry/radiation interactions in this combustion regime.

The complexity of MILD combustion is related to the very strong interactions between turbulence and chemistry characterizing this regime. The Damköhler number is of order unity or less, and turbulence levels are low to moderate, thus invalidating many common combustion model assumptions. Novel combustion models are needed, to better represent the competition between chemical pathways and turbulence-chemistry interactions under this regime. 

The objective of this workshop has been to discuss open issues and opportunities in MILD combustion modelling, to review the experimental configurations (available and under development), for new modelling approaches validation and to critically assess the uncertainty associated to the existing diagnostic tools.

The workshop has taken place in Naples right after the 1st International Conference on Smart Energy Carrier organized by SMARTCATs COST Action in the same venue.

Selected papers will be published in a special issue of

Frontiers in Mechanical Engineering.

This workshop is supported by:


January 24th

8:30 – 8:45 – Registration

8:45 – 9:00 – Introduction (Mara de Joannon & Alessandro Parente)


Invited talks

Fundamental understanding of MILD/flameless/colorless/distributed combustion

9:00 – 9:30
N. Swaminathan, Cambridge University, Physical Insights on MILD combustion from DNS and its modelling

9:30 – 10:00
M. de Joannon & G. Sorrentino, ICR-CNR, Elementary processes in MILD combustion

10:00 – 10:30
A. K. Gupta, University of Maryland, Colorless Distributed Combustion: Recent Developments and Path Forward

10:30 – 11:00
M. J. Evans, P. Medwell, University of Adelaide, Laser diagnostics of simple and complex fuels in hot & diluted coflows, and future challenges

11:00 – 11:30 – Coffee Break

Chemical kinetics in MILD/flameless/colorless/distributed combustion

11:30 – 12:00
P. Sabia, IRC-CNR, Analysis of C-H sub-mechanism oxidation kinetics under diluted and vitiated conditions

12:00 – 12:30
A. Frassoldati, Politecnico di Milano, Optimization of kinetic mechanisms: what can we legitimately do?

12:30 – 13:30 – Lunch

Modelling of MILD/flameless/colorless/distributed combustion, the role of finite- rate chemistry

13:30 – 14:00
A. Parente, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Combustion closures for MILD/distributed combustion: role of finite-rate chemistry and impact of detailed mechanisms

14:00 – 14:30
B. Cuenot, CERFACS, Including chemistry in numerical simulation of turbulent combustion


Industrial applications and new opportunities

15:00 – 15:30
Heinz Pitsch, RWTH Aachen, MILD Combustion for Gas Turbine Applications: Potential and Challenges

15:30 – 16:00
B. B. Dally, University of Adelaide, Hybrid Solar-MILD Combustion for Renewable Energy Generation

16:00 – 16:30
A. Della Rocca, TENOVA, Ten years on the modeling and simulation of industrial applications of MILD combustion

16:30 – 17:00
Enrico Cresci, WS Wärmeprozesstechnik, Industrial applications of flameless oxidation and new perspectives

17:00 – 17:30
Alessandro Saponaro, Centro Combustione Ambiente, Full-scale gas testing of a new MILD combustion burner

17:30 – 18:30 – Poster session (Abstracts)

18:30 – 20:30 – Networking event

January 25th

8:30 – 8:45 – Registration

8:45-10:30 – Roundtable, Moderator: Antonio Cavaliere

MILD/flameless/colorless/distributed combustion in the new energy scenario: opportunities and challenges ahead.

The roundtable aims at identifying the most urgent needs in the development of MILD/flameless/colorless/distributed combustion technologies, as well as discussing potential collective actions and initiatives.

10:30 – 10:50 – Coffee Break


Contributed presentations (Abstracts)

10:50 – 11:10
A.Pilipodi-Best, V. Tsionsky, I. Rahinov, S. Cheskis, Tel Aviv University, The Open University of Israel, Partial methane oxidation under MILD combustion conditions

11:10 – 11:30
M.T. Lewandowski, A. Parente, J. Pozorski, Polish Academy of Science, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Extended Eddy Dissipation Concept for MILD combustion modelling based on the local Damköhler and turbulence Reynolds numbers map

11:30 – 11:50
L. Acampora, M. Lubrano Lavadera, P. Sabia, R. Ragucci, M. de Joannon, F. S. Marra, ICC-CNR, Effect of Chemical Kinetics and Heat Transfer in the Dynamics of MILD Hydrogen Combustion

11:50 – 12:10
G. Ceriello, G. Sorrentino, P. Sabia, M. de Joannon, R. Ragucci, J. van Oijen, L. P. H. de Goey, DICMAPI-Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, IRC-CNR, Eindhoven University of Technology, Modelling heat loss effects in a lab-scale cyclonic burner operating in MILD Combustion conditions

12:10 – 12:30
A. Klimanek, S. Sładek, W. Adamczyk, A. Szlęk, Silesian University of Technology,MILD-OXY combustion of H2 for zero-emission power generation

12:30 – 12:50
P. Sabia, M. V. Manna, M. de Joannon, R. Ragucci, DICMAPI-Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, IRC-CNR, Experimental and Numerical characterization of NH3 oxidation in a model reactor

12:50 – 13:00 – Conclusions



24 January 2019
25 January 2019




Centro Congressi Università Federico II, Napoli
Via Partenope, 36
Napoli, Napoli 80121 Italy
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