Ammonia is a promising energy carrier from several points of view. It is carbon-free and can be burned directly in engines and furnaces. Alternatively, it can be thermally cracked to produce hydrogen. Ammonia (NH3) has a high H2 density, a significant energy density and can be produced on an industrial scale in a highly efficient process. Furthermore, it has an existing extensive distribution network and is easily stored by liquefaction at moderate pressure. There are significant challenges associated with the efficient NH3 utilization in combustion, though. These are mainly related to its relatively low calorific value, its poor ignition and flame stability and the possible increase of NOx emissions when inefficient combustion technologies are be used.

Following the strong interest growing within the SMARTCATS COST Action on the potentials of ammonia in combustion based energy production systems a workshop focused on ammonia combustion has been organized in Lisbon on 13 and 14 of April (before the next European Combustion Meeting).

The workshop has been focused on all the aspects of the use of ammonia as energy carrier. Invited lectures on synthesis, combustion fundamentals and  energy demonstration stimulated a very successful and fruitful discussion of the following round tables.

Saturday 13th, 9:15
Bill David,
University of Oxford & ISIS Neutron and Muon Source, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
         Brown, blue and green ammonia: creating a distributed zero-carbon chemical storage infrastructure

Saturday 13th, 10:00
 John Bøgild, Hansen Haldor Topsoe
         Sustainable ammonia production via electrolysis

Saturday 13th, 14:00
Peter Glarborg, DTU, Technical University of Denmark
      Challenges in NH3 oxidation kinetics

Saturday 13th, 14:50
Christine Rousselle, Vice-Chair of IEA Combustion TCP
        Ammonia as fuel for engine transportation: an utopia ?

Sunday 14th, 9:00
George Dimopoulos, DNV GL Hellas
        Ammonia as a marine fuel: marine engineering, safety and regulatory considerations

Sunday 14th, 9:45
Steve Crolius, President of Ammonia Association
        Prospects for Mid-Term Commercialization of Ammonia Combustion Technologies

The workshop will take place at “Oceanário de Lisboa – Auditório Mar da Palha

Poster contributions are very welcome in order to promote discussion and networking actions. Those wanting to submit a contribution may send a short abstract by email to

Scientific Committee:

Mara de Joannon, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Combustione – CNR, Italy
George Skevis, CPERI-CERTH, Thessaloniki, Greece

Raffaele Ragucci, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Combustione – CNR, Italy
Mario Costa, Istituto Superior Tecnico, Lisbon, Portugal
Pino Sabia, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Combustione – CNR, Italy

Local Organizer:

Mario Costa, Istituto Superior Tecnico, Lisbon, Portugal
Rita Maia, Istituto Superior Tecnico, Lisbon, Portugal

All the participants to the workshop are kindly requested to register by filling and sending a signed copy of the registration form For any special arrangements please contact the local organizer secretary or the grant holder manager.